Archive for the ‘Financial’ Category
December 16, 2014
There has been a lot of discussion back and forth about approving this project and its impact on our economy and education funding. I have been doing some research on this matter and it is quite confusing. I would like to point out the most important points.
- The use of a TDZ is proposed because it is supposed to be risk free. The proponents claim that the tax payers are not at risk and the risk is all on the bond purchasers. That is not true because if the incremental sales tax increases are not sufficient to cover the principle and interest, then the taxpayers are the backup less the ad valorem (property tax) tax base. My point here is that if these bonds issued for the Fairgrounds TDZ are the same as those for the downtown TDZ zone and if the incremental tax revenue is not sufficient to cover the required bond payments, then all city revenue other than the Ad Valorem Tax (basically property taxes) will be called on to make up the difference. It is not risk free. If you look at the City of Memphis 2013 general fund budget you will see that ad valorem taxes are about 40% of the revenue. The rest presumably would be subject to the bond insurance.
- There is a question about the effect on education funding of a TDZ zone. According to the Tennessee Department of Education, half of the 2.25% portion local option sales tax must be appropriated to education.
- Another important point is that each year a new base will be set for the TDZ zone at the level it grew or declined to the year before. The increase in sales taxes will be measured from this new last year level. Only this increase less the education portion will be available to pay the bonds.
- There is a lot of push back in the proposed size of the proposed fairgrounds TDZ zone. The proponents of the fairgrounds project want to include Cooper Young and Overton Square because these areas are successful areas and the proponents of Fairgrounds want to take advantage of their success to finance the Fairgrounds. They are afraid that it cannot stand on its own merits. See the attached map of the proposed zone area.
- Finally there is a possible increase in the 7% portion of the sales tax in the TDZ. This portion will go first to pay off the bonds. If there is any left over after paying off the debt, it will go to the local government for education and other purposes. The problem with including Cooper/Young and Overton Square is that their success will be used to finance the Fairgrounds risky venture.
This is another real estate venture done by the government rather than development professionals with taxpayers taking the risk rather than private investors.
December 4, 2014
Pension Reform At The City Of Memphis
Finally the Memphis City Council has taken action to address our unfunded pension liability. Eight members decided that we needed reform and took decisive action to get this under control. The unions are not happy and will probably take this action to court in a lawsuit.
Mayor Wharton originally proposed that the City of Memphis go to a defined contribution system for all new employees and those unvested employees with less than 10 years of service. There were, of course, objections to including those unvested employees and later on a different proposal came out from the administration which was a cash balance plan. A cash balance plan needs some explanation and you can read about cash balance plans in the attached article.
In the City Council meeting it appeared that Myron Lowery’s plan which would include only new employees and would have the least savings for the City of Memphis would get the seven votes. However the City Council voted for the Hybrid cash balance plan (8 YES, 5 NO) and only those with more than 7.5 years of service would be covered under the old expensive defined benefit plan. Everyone else as of the start of the plan in 2016 would be under the new plan.
The impact on the unfunded liability of the approved plan in year one would be a savings of 6.8 million dollars and would reduce the unfunded liability in the first year by 60 million dollars. This is as compared to the Myron Lowery plan of zero savings the first year in dollars and unfunded liability reduction.
Again this is not the final decision and according to the commercial appeal this approval will be discussed again in committee in two weeks. Stay tuned. Attached are the Hybrid pension options.
November 20, 2014
The Fairgrounds TDZ Zone
Here we go again with another proposed development project directed by the City of Memphis development wizard, Mr. Robert Lipscomb. Now it is the Fairgrounds involving the old Coliseum, Liberty Bowl Stadium and all the other buildings and improvements on the fairground property.
In an August 2014 article in Smart City Memphis it was stated that “the TDZ does not siphon dollars from the city’s tax base because no city general fund money is spent on the project, and in fact, it may expand the city’s tax base by increasing adjacent property values and citywide sales taxes. That’s one of the reasons we prefer TDZ and Tax Increment Financing (TIF) over PILOTs: the project pays for itself with the taxes created by the project itself. In other words, it is self-financing, but best of all; the new incremental taxes in the TDZ are predominately state sales taxes that stay here to pay for the project rather than being sent to Nashville where about 80% of it would be spent all across Tennessee.”
However here is what a Moody’s investor’s service bulletin said about a Memphis Center City Revenue Corporation’s $20.1 million Stadium project and other Tourist Development Zone projects downtown.
The current issue is ultimately secured by all non-tax revenues that are legally available, other than ad valorem revenues, in the city’s General Fund. The ratings of the bonds are based on the city’s pledge to replenish the debt service reserve fund in the event of a draw on non-ad valorem tax revenue.
My point here is that if these bonds issued for the Fairgrounds TDZ are the same as those for the downtown TDZ zone; then if the incremental tax revenue is not sufficient to cover the required bond payments, then all city revenue other than the Ad Valorem Tax (basically property taxes) will be called on to make up the difference. It is not risk free. Take a look at the attached general fund revenue sheets from the 2013 City of Memphis budget. You will see that ad valorem taxes are about 40% of the revenue. The rest presumably would be subject to the bond insurance.
November 13, 2014
My brother and I ran a manufacturing business for some 40 years here in Memphis (Saino Manufacturing Company) and then we sold the business and retired and continued in my field of fire protection as a consultant. Then in 2004 I turned to local government interests and the issue of Transparency In Government.
I found that this was not only a national problem but also a state and local problem. Many politicians feel that they do not want the public to know the details of their motives and actions and therefore they make it purposely difficult to get the information. Look below at part of the Tennessee Open Records Law.
(2)(A) All state, county and municipal records shall, at all times during business hours, which for public hospitals shall be during the business hours of their administrative offices, be open for personal inspection by any citizen of this state, and those in charge of the records shall not refuse such right of inspection to any citizen, unless otherwise provided by state law.
Locally I have been refused access to the City of Memphis offices and old Memphis City School offices during business hours with the excuse that I do not have an appointment with a particular person. When I then tried to get an appointment with the person that I wanted to see, my phone calls and emails were not answered. This, according to the Tennessee State open records official, is a violation of state law.
Just to illustrate how important transparency in government is, look at the recent revelation of the creation of the Affordable Care Act. MIT Professor Jonathan Gruber, the Obamacare architect, said in 2013 that a lack of transparency and the stupidity of the American voter helped get the law through Congress. See the “too stupid” video clip. http://dailycaller.com/2014/11/11/yet-another-video-emerges-of-obamacare-architect-calling-americans-stupid-video/
It is time for all local governmental and educational entities to open all their legally open records in an easily accessible manner to the public that pays all the bills for these services. As a high official at the Shelby County Government Offices (the best of all local governmental agencies) told me on a recent phone call “We work for you, Mr. Saino, and the public”. What a great attitude.
October 30, 2014
ON THE EDGE (Economic Development Growth Engine)
Last Tuesday I attended the Memphis Rotary Club Luncheon at the University Club. The speaker was Mr. Reid Dulberger, President of EDGE and related entities.
He presented an excellent presentation of the PILOT (payment in lieu of taxes) program. His main point in favor of Pilots is his contention that without the Pilot program Memphis or Shelby County (or both) would lose the opportunity for new jobs or investment and future enhanced tax revenue. An example would be a company that expresses an interest in investing here or somewhere else. Unless we give them a tax break for up to 15 years, they say the company will go elsewhere. So the choice is nothing or something. That seems clear enough.
Another example is an existing local business taxpayer who says they want to expand but they need a tax break or they will not expand or they (more…)
November 27, 2014
The MLGW Island
There was a very good and interesting article in a recent issue of the Memphis Flyer. It was written by Les Smith, a reporter for WHBQ Fox-13 News. The point of the article was his belief that the MLGW is and always has been tone deaf to its customers. The most recent example of the deafness, according to Les, was MLGW announcing the need for a 2 percent hike in the residential water rate just after receiving a tongue lashing from City Council member Wanda Halbert.
As a former member of the MLGW Board of Directors and a long time observer of their services, I have the following observations.
- Over the past years MLGW has been a well run organization delivering electricity, natural gas and clean water in a professional manner. However there have been times when politics caused problems with the management, specifically when Mayor Herenton put Joseph Lee in charge.
- The employees generally are well trained and they respond to weather related outages in a prompt and professional manner.
- With the exception of Lee, the top job at the MLGW has been filled by professionals with the highest integrity.
- Utility rates are competitive compared to other cities of similar size.
I have studied the MLGW financial statements over the years and they are clear and complete. I have in the past contested the surplus in net worth as inconsistent with their constitutional nonprofit status. However they contend that they need a certain percentage of unrestricted assets to cover unpaid bills and expenses. You can argue about the size of the unrestricted cash but I do not think it is unreasonable.
October 21, 2014
A Change In Pension Changes
Just when I thought things were moving in a fiscally responsible direction, here comes another pension change proposal. I do not want to prejudge the proposal but just by reading a description of the plan, it sounds more expensive than what was previously proposed by the Administration. I hope that City elections being less than a year away are not a part of this change but we will see. Here is the information on the proposed new plan that I have to date.
- A letter to employees
- Plan for unvested employees to be sent to a cash balance plan
- Plan for a cash balance plan and a defined contribution plan
What we need is a look at the detailed cost analysis by Segal Consulting, the actuary consulting firm hired by the council. This will be given to the City Council at the private executive meeting today.
Stay tuned as this is only the beginning of a fight to save Memphis and don’t be surprised if the taxpayers are called upon to fill any fiscal gaps caused by coming election thoughts.
October 19, 2014
The November 4th Ballot
The upcoming ballot is important from a national, state and local level. As usual I will tell you how I am going to vote and give you my reasons as succinctly as possible. You, of course, will vote as you see fit based on your own conscience and principles.
For Governor I am voting for Bill Haslam.
For Senator I am voting for Lamar Alexander.
For the 8th Congressional District I am voting for Stephen Lee Fincher.
For the 31th Senatorial District I am voting for Brian Kelsey.
For the 83rd Representative District I am voting for Mark White
If I was in the 9th Congressional District I would vote for Charlotte Bergmann.
If I was in the 30th Senatorial District I would vote for Dr. George Shea Flinn.
Now as to the Wine at retail food stores, City of Memphis, I am reluctantly voting in favor as I have seen this as inevitable and it seems to work in other states without putting individual liquor stores out of business.
NOW THE FOUR CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENTS
Amendment #1(Gives Tennesseans back the right to legislate on abortions) – I am voting YES. The US Supreme County has already ruled that abortions are legal. This Amendment would allow the enactment of reasonable medical safety and sanitary provisions to prevent the terrible situation that occurred in the Gosnell clinic in Philadelphia which resulted in the murder conviction of Dr. Gosnell. Also remember that the Planned Parenthood v. Sundquist case (TN Sup Ct 2000), effectively prohibited any TN regulation, even for the safety of the mother. That’s why the approval of this amendment is crucial.
Amendment #2(Changes the way the Supreme Court or Appellate Judges are appointed) – I am voting NO. This is a close call but I trust informed common sense voters more than I trust the legal profession. I could go along with this amendment if it had a term limit provision limiting judges to one eight year term. Then at the end of a distinguished private legal career, outstanding fair minded lawyers could finish their career on the bench. Otherwise I would rather let the voters decide rather than lawyers and politicians.
Amendment #3- (Prohibits any Tennessee tax on payroll or earned income). YES, YES, YES
Amendment #4- (Empowers the General Assembly to permit lotteries). I am voting NO. I am against gambling in general and there has been corruption in these lotteries in the past.
FINALLY- For City of Memphis voters there is a little understood Memphis City Ordinance change to Ordinance #5512 to Improve Effectiveness of Civil Service Hearings. I am reluctantly voting YES for the amendment as I have been assured by the proponent of this amendment (City Council member Kemp Conrad) that it will help reduce the backlog of civil service cases and make it easier to discharge non productive employees of the City. It seems strange that this proposal is adding 7 members for a total of 14 members of the Civil Service Commission and asking to pay them $400 per day (or more) whereas the Shelby County’s civil service merit board has 5 members who are paid $50 per day and seems to be quite efficient. I think the difference is the culture of the City versus the County. The City has a history of tough union agreements and the unions support keeping their members employed by the City regardless of their job performance and history.
I will be glad to answer any questions that you might have about the election. Vote your preference but please vote.
October 13, 2014
The Upcoming Election on Tuesday, November 4, 2014
You are probably aware that a very important election occurs on the first Tuesday in November this year. The composition of the US Senate and House is a critical issue as we struggle to restore the constitutional balance between the executive and legislative branches. Early Voting begins October 15, 2014 at ALL 21 Satellite Sites and continues through October 30, 2014. Please get out and vote.
I will be publishing my thoughts on the local and state issues by next Monday, October 20th. There are four proposed Tennessee constitutional amendments involving abortion (#1), electing or appointing Tennessee Supreme Court Judges and Appellate Court Judges (#2), income taxes in Tennessee (#3) and lotteries (#4).
But today I am curious about another item on the ballot and that is Memphis Ordinance No. 5512. This proposed ordinance would increase the number of civil service commission members from 7 to 14. Brian Collins (City Director of Finance) certifies that the net cost to the City of Memphis will be $0.
Here is what channel 3 said about this proposed change in 2013.
(Memphis) With a back log of more than 70 cases, Memphis City administration and employee unions said they have come up with changes to the Civil Service Commission that will make the system more efficient. (more…)
October 7, 2014
Finally A Defined Contribution Pension Plan
Today the City Council will consider a defined contribution pension plan for City employees with less than 10 years of service (as of July 1, 2015) and new employees hired after that date. I have been recommending this for years and finally the City Council will consider this reasonable plan. Here are the proposed ordinances.
I have been recommending a defined contribution pension plan for years ever since I was on the Shelby County pension revision committee. This is fair for the private sector taxpayers who generally have no defined benefit retirement plan. It will probably be better for those City of Memphis employees in the future if the City’s pension investments perform as they have over the last 25 years (over 9% return).
Will the City Council and the Administration follow through and pass these ordinances? We will see but you have to consider that a year from now there will be an election for the new City Council and the city Mayor. What do politicians do when faced with an upcoming election? You have to look no further than the upcoming November 2014 national election. These changes are needed and should also apply eventually to the MLGW. Shelby County should adopt a similar plan but only for new employees, not those currently employed but not vested. This exception is in recognition of their past good fiscal responsibility as compared to the City of Memphis.